Bhupu village in Nepal does not have any water supply facilities. Depending on the location of the villagers' homes, they need to walk for at least 30 minutes, or even two hours, round trip to fetch water. The water sources are not properly protected. Villagers wash clothes and shower at the same time in the same spot. Wastewater pollutes the drinking water they get there. Drinking untreated river water severely threatens their health.
Moreover, the responsibility of fetching water normally falls on children and women. Only a few large bottles (roughly 5-10 litres of water) can be filled with one journey, it often takes several trips every single day to meet the needs of the entire family. Fetching water from a long distance not only negatively affects their health physically, villagers also lose time which they could have used for study and work. The education level and economic environment are hindered in the long run.
Donating a water supply system can make life easier for the villagers, it can also protect water sources, and contribute to rural social and economic development!
Bhupu village is located in Nawalparasi district, Nepal. There are 3 municipalities and 4 rural municipalities with a population of more than 300,000, of which 15% of men and 30% of women are illiterate. As the agricultural-based rural villages are slowly transitioning to be more commercial-based, local water supply facilities do not have the capacity to cope with the rapidly growing population.
In September 2018, the local municipal government launched a project to improve the water supply in Bhupu village, and completed the construction of a deep tube-well boring and a 250,000 litres reservoir tank in 2019. Limited by the topography and groundwater location, the reservoir tank is still far away from the village. Water is not directly supplied to the households due to insufficient funds, most villagers still need to go to the old water sources for water.
A Drop of Life has a field visit in Nepal late 2019. In the years followed, we continued to conduct research and planning with local partners, and finally decided to support this project to bring clean water to the homes of nearly 5,000 villagers.
This project will include the construction of a water pump house next to the reservoir tank, the connection of pipes to the village, and the construction of a total of 814 water taps - 808 private household taps and 6 community taps in one school, two temples and three community centres.
As the local government also desires to bring clean drinking water to the villagers, in addition to the completed work of building the reservoir tank, they are also contributing 16% of the project budget (about HK$236,000). The villagers themselves have also gather funds to contribute 10%, they will also help with the construction work physically, such as digging the main channel to the village. In this way, they can participate in the process and learn to maintain the water supply system.
The participation of the local government and villagers in the planning process and budgeting of the system can make them treasure the system more and to be responsible for it, so that the system can operate sustainably.